The history

  • Pre-1967

    Long history of forcing Aboriginal people off their lands and into missions, towns and native reserves.

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  • 1967

    The 1967 referendum saw the Federal Government granted power for the first time to ‘make special laws’ for Aboriginal people in the states.

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  • 1972

    Assimilation policy in Indigenous affairs replaced with self-determination policy, facilitating the homelands movement.

    Federal Government establishes Department of Aboriginal Affairs (DAA).

    State Government establishes Aboriginal Affairs Planning Authority (AAPA) and Aboriginal Lands Trust.

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  • 1974

    Until 1985, Frank Gare heads both AAPA and DAA in Western Australia under joint Federal-State administration of Aboriginal affairs.

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  • 1986

    Aboriginal Communities Development Programme established as a joint Federal-State agreement for five years.

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  • 1990s

    Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Commission (ATSIC) replaces Commonwealth Department of Aboriginal Affairs. Funding through Community Housing and Infrastructure Program (CHIP).

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  • 2000

    State Government and ATSIC sign “Agreement for the Provision of Essential Services to Indigenous Communities in Western Australia”.

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  • 2002

    State Government, Federal Government and ATSIC sign “Agreement for the Provision of Housing and Infrastructure for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in Western Australia July 2002 - June 2007”.

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  • 2005

    ATSIC is abolished.

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  • 2006

    State Government and Federal Government sign “Agreement for the Provision of Housing, Infrastructure and Essential Services for Indigenous People in Western Australia” for 2005 to 2008.

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  • 2007

    Living in the Sunburnt Country – Indigenous Housing recommends that CHIP be replaced by a new agreement on remote housing.

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  • 2008

    Ten-year National Partnership Agreement on Remote Indigenous Housing (NPARIH) signed to address Closing the Gap targets.

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  • 2015

    Federal Government Municipal and Essential Services Program was transferred to WA with a one-off payment of $90 million.

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  • 2016

    NPARIH replaced by a slightly modified National Partnership on Remote Housing (NPRH).

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  • 2017

    Federal Government publishes “Remote housing review: A review of the National Partnership Agreement on Remote Indigenous Housing and the Remote Housing Strategy (2008-2018)”.

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